No. 155 - Silver Needle White Tea
History of Silver Needle White Tea
White Tea is the earliest form of Chinese tea. When the Chinese first discovered tea, they soon found out that sun-drying or baking the leaves ensured that the tea could be easily stored and used at a later time. These steps, of course, formed the basis of the withering and drying processes that are still used to this date.
White Tea originally was grown in the area around the city of Fuding, in Fujian province. It later spread to the areas around the cities of Shuiji, then Zhenghe. The first type of White Tea produced was Silver Needle (Bai Hao Yin Zhen), in the area around Taimu Mountain near Fuding.
Originally Silver Needle was made from the buds of the Xiao Bai form of the tea bush. This form of the tea bush is smaller and slower growing, and so Silver Needle was expensive and rare. However around 1857 farmers around the town of Shuiji began using the DaBai form of the tea bush. This has larger buds, and – more importantly – produces better quality tea, with more white hairs on the buds, more fragrance and a stronger taste. From that time on, White Tea has been made using the Da Bai tea bush.
Mr. Lin Xingbiao has been a professional tea farmer for thirty years. Born in a traditional tea family, he was deeply influenced by his family and built his own tea factory in 1966. With the gradual growth of his factory, he is trying to seek the common development between enterprise and tea farmers.
He thinks that the most challenging factor is the weather. If tea leaves suffered from bad weather, the yield would be reduced and the quality would not reach the standard. If tea leaves suffered from cold weather, straws would be used to cover them and protect them from being frosted. This is what Mr. Lin gets from his experience over the years.
Therefore, the first priority is to strictly control product quality and ensure its reputation. Mr. Lin, together with his tea factory, will continue to provide high-quality tea leaves and regularly increase the number of tea factory which provides the healthy and natural tea beverage for the public.
About Tea Tree
The species in Fuding is Fu Ding Da Hao, “Da hao” for short. It is asexual propagation, belonging to semi-tree form. In 1985 it was certificated as national variety in the number GS13002-1985. It's plant could reach up to 2.8 meters high, and has obvious trunk. Spring tea contains 1.8% of amino acid and 28.2% of tea polyphonels.
Where is this Silver Needle White Tea Produced?
Silver Needle White Tea is from Fuding in Fujian province, on the south eastern Chinese coast.
This tropical mountainous coastal area is perfect for growing Pekoe. It has abundant rainfall and temperatures that are neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. The mountains around the farms are more than 80% forested, ensuring the soil has a high natural fertility and organic content, removing the need to use fertilizers.
Brief Health Info
White tea contains various functional components, including caffeine, tea polyphenol, tea polysaccharide, theaflavin, theanine and so on, which are beneficial for human health in multiple aspects. For example, tea polypgenol can anti-aging, by antioxidation and clearing free radical away; caffeine is diuretic due to its function of restraining the re-absorbing of sodium, chloridion and water; flavanols, and also caffeine, help to refresh mind and remove fat.
|Shelf Life||10 Years|
|Packed||United States of America|
|Chinese Gongfu Method (Water Amount)||2.87 fl oz / 85 ml|
|Chinese Gongfu Method (Water Temp)||176 F / 80 C|
|Chinese Gongfu Method (Amount)||5 g|
|Chinese Gongfu Method (Time)||Rinse, 45s, 60s, 90s, 105s, 140s, 180s|
|Western Method (Water Amount)||16.9 fl oz / 500 ml|
|Western Method (Water Temp)||167 F / 75 C|
|Western Method (Amount)||5 Tablespoons|
|Western Method (Time)||1-5 Mins (to taste)|